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bHLH11 inhibits bHLH IVc proteins by recruiting the TOPLESS/TOPLESS-RELATED corepressors 

 
论文编号:
作者: Li Y,Lei RH
刊物名称: Plant Physiology
所属学科:
论文题目英文: bHLH11 inhibits bHLH IVc proteins by recruiting the TOPLESS/TOPLESS-RELATED corepressors
年: Nov 2021
卷: online
期:
页:
联系作者: Liang G
收录类别:
影响因子: 8.34
参与作者:
备注:
摘要: Iron (Fe) homeostasis is essential for plant growth and development. Many transcription factors play pivotal roles in the maintenance of Fe homeostasis. bHLH11 is a negative transcription factor that regulates Fe homeostasis. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, we generated two loss-of-function bhlh11 mutants in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) which display enhanced sensitivity to excess Fe, increased Fe accumulation, and elevated expression of Fe deficiency responsive genes. Levels of bHLH11 protein, localized in both the cytoplasm and nucleus, decreased in response to Fe deficiency. Coexpression assays indicated that bHLH IVc transcription factors (TFs) (bHLH34, bHLH104, bHLH105, and bHLH115) facilitate the nuclear accumulation of bHLH11. Further analysis indicated that bHLH11 represses the transactivity of bHLH IVc TFs towards bHLH Ib genes (bHLH38, bHLH39, bHLH100, and bHLH101). The two EAR motifs of bHLH11 provided the repression function by recruiting the TOPLESS/TOPLESS-RELATED (TPL/TPRs) corepressors. Correspondingly, the expression of Fe uptake genes increased in the tpr1 tpr4 tpl mutant. Moreover, genetic analysis revealed that bHLH11 has functions independent of FER-LIKE IRON DEFICIENCY-INDUCED TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR (FIT). This study provides insights into the complicated Fe homeostasis signaling network.
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