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Towards the conservation of the Mesozoic relict fern Christensenia: a fern species with extremely small populations in China 

 
论文编号:
作者: Liu HM
刊物名称: Journal of Plant Research
所属学科:
论文题目英文: Towards the conservation of the Mesozoic relict fern Christensenia: a fern species with extremely small populations in China
年: Sep 2019
卷: 132
期: 5
页: 601-616
联系作者: Liu HM
收录类别:
影响因子: 2.082
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摘要:
The Chinese occurrences of the marattioid fern genus Christensenia have been considered as requiring protection because of its extreme rarity and very small population size. Here, we explored different biological aspects to enable protection of these rare ferns, well known as Mesozoic living fossils. Firstly, we documented the cytology of the Chinese occurrences for the first time. This is the second tetraploid record of Christensenia worth for further studies to confirm its taxonomic status. Secondly, we obtained the first complete plastid genome of this genus, which confirmed the proposed conservatism of the plastid genome structure in marattioid ferns. By comparing the chloroplast genome with other marattioids, we identified several candidate regions to develop highly variable markers to investigate the intra-species diversity of marattioid ferns. Thirdly, phylogenetic analyses of rbcL sequences implied that there are at least two distinct species of Christensenia. Finally, we re-assessed the conservation status of Christensenia in the context of its local and global distribution by assessing specimen information extracted from publications and digitized voucher information. This assessment confirmed the need to obtain more accurate information about the distribution of this genus to assess the status incorporating the disjunct distribution from southern China and India in the North towards the Solomon Islands in the South.
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