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Tree rings reveal recent intensified spring drought in the central Himalaya, Nepal 

 
论文编号:
作者: Panthi S
刊物名称: Global and Planetary Change
所属学科:
论文题目英文: Tree rings reveal recent intensified spring drought in the central Himalaya, Nepal
年: Oct 2017
卷: 157
期:
页: 26-34
联系作者: Fan ZX
收录类别:
影响因子: 3.915
参与作者:
备注:
摘要: To better understand long-term drought variations in the central Himalaya, we developed new tree-ring width chronologies of Himalayan spruce (Picea smithiana (Wall.) Boiss.) from three sites in the north-western Nepal. The local site chronologies showed high cross correlations and similar growth-climate responses to regional spring drought variability. We thus combined all site chronologies into a regional composite (RC) standard chronology that spans 516 years (1498–2013 CE). The RC chronology showed significant positive (negative) correlations with spring (March–May) precipitation (temperature) variability. Meanwhile, RC chronology showed the highest correlation with spring self-calibrating Palmer drought severity index (scPDSI, r = 0.652, p < 0.001), indicating that radial growth of P. smithiana is strongly limited by spring moisture availability. Using RC chronology, we reconstructed the spring drought variability for the period 1725–2013, which explained 42.5% variance of the actual scPDSI during the calibration period 1957–2012. Our reconstructed spring drought variability in the central Himalaya showed consistent wet-dry episodes with other regional drought and precipitation reconstructions from the Himalaya and nearby regions. Spectral peaks and spatial correlation analysis indicate that spring drought variability in the central Himalaya may be linked to large scale climatic drivers, mainly Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation activities due to sea surface temperatures variation in the Atlantic Ocean. Our reconstruction revealed a continuous shift toward drier conditions in the central Himalaya since early 1980s that coincide with continental-scale warming and reduced spring precipitation in the central Himalaya.
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